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Precose (generically known as acarbose) is an oral medication used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It belongs to the class of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. Precose is typically used in combination with a proper diet and exercise program. Acarbose should not be used to treat type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.
Precose works by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates in the small intestine. It does this by blocking enzymes that break down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars, which the body can then absorb as glucose. As a result, the release of glucose into the bloodstream is slowed, and blood sugar levels do not rise as quickly after a meal.
Uses and Dosage
Precose is an oral tablet that is taken by mouth as directed by your doctor, typically three times a day with the first bite of a meal. The dosage is determined based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Your doctor may suggest starting with a low dose and increasing gradually to minimize potential side effects, and it is important to carefully follow their instructions.
Take Precose tablet at the same time each day to ensure consistent benefits. If your condition does not improve or worsens (e.g., your blood sugar levels are too high or low), inform your doctor as soon as possible to determine the appropriate course of action.
The recommended starting dosage of Precose is typically 25 mg taken orally three times daily at the beginning of each main meal. However, the actual dosage prescribed may vary depending on the patient's medical condition and their response to treatment. Your doctor will determine the appropriate dosage for you and may adjust it over time, as necessary.
Common Side Effects of Precose (Acarbose):
- Stomach pain
Serious Side Effects of Precose (Acarbose):
- A reduction in the number of platelets (thrombocytopenia)
- Dark urine
- Decreases in hematocrit, calcium, or vitamin B6 levels
- Liver failure
- Persistent nausea or vomiting
- Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis infection
- Rectal bleeding
- Severe skin reactions (rash, erythema, exantherma, and hives [urticaria])
- Severe stomach or abdominal pain
- Unusual tiredness
- Yellowing eyes or skin (Jaundice)
Form and Strength
Precose (Acarbose) is available in the following forms and strength:
- 25 mg
- 100 mg
- If you have a digestive disorder or blockage, or if you have certain stomach or intestinal conditions, you should not take Precose.
- Some patients may experience gastrointestinal side effects such as gas, diarrhea, or abdominal discomfort when taking Precose, especially at the beginning of treatment or when increasing the dosage. If you experience severe or persistent stomach upset or diarrhea, notify your doctor immediately.
- Precose may cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) when taken with other diabetes medications that can also cause hypoglycemia.
- If you have cirrhosis (a liver disorder), you may need to have your liver function monitored closely while taking Precose.
- If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you plan to become pregnant while taking Precose, you should discuss the potential risks and benefits with your doctor beforehand.
- If you have kidney disease, you may require close monitoring of kidney function while taking Precose.
- Precose may reduce the absorption of carbohydrates and certain nutrients, such as iron and calcium, which may lead to deficiencies.
- Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Precose, as this can increase the risk of hypoglycemia.
- If you are undergoing surgery or medical procedures that require you to fast, your doctor may need to temporarily discontinue or adjust your dosage of Precose.
- Precose may interact with other medications, so be sure to inform your doctor and pharmacist about all medications you are taking, including prescription, nonprescription, and herbal remedies.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Can I stop taking Precose (Acarbose) if my blood sugar levels have improved?
Continue taking Precose as prescribed, even if your blood sugar levels have improved. Stopping the medication suddenly can cause your blood sugar levels to increase, which can be harmful
When should I not take Precose (Acarbose)?
Precose should not be taken if you are allergic to acarbose or any of the ingredients in the medication. It should also not be taken if you have inflammatory bowel disease, an intestinal blockage or obstruction, or certain digestive disorders.
Is Precose (Acarbose) a substitute for a proper diet and exercise?
No, Precose is not a substitute for a proper diet and exercise. Patients should follow a healthy diet and exercise regularly to help manage their blood sugar levels in addition to taking their medication.
It's important to purchase Precose from verified Canadian pharmacy.