Health Information

Find information on health conditions

Abrasions

What are Abrasions? Abrasions, also known as scrapes or grazes, are injuries to the skin caused by scraping or rubbing against a rough surface. They are typically minor wounds that affect only the outermost layers of the skin (epidermis). Abrasions…

Acid Reflux – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Acid Reflux? Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux (GER), occurs when stomach acid flows back up into the tube that connects your mouth to your stomach (esophagus). This acid irritates the lining of the esophagus, causing a…

Acne

What is Acne? Acne vulgaris, or simply acne, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It often results in the formation of pimples, blackheads, or whiteheads, typically appearing…

Acne Scars – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What are Acne Scars? Acne scars are imperfections left on the skin after acne blemishes have healed. While not everyone who gets acne will develop scars, they are a common occurrence, affecting a significant portion of the global population.  While…

Alcoholism

Alcoholism Thirty percent of Americans will find themselves in an alcohol-related car crash at some point in their lives. Approximately 513,000 people are injured in car crashes as a result of drunk driving. This averages out to fifty nine people…

Allergy Cold & Sinus

Cold Sores If you notice a blister or a cluster of small blisters on or around your mouth that keeps reoccurring, you likely have the cold sore virus. What are Cold Sores? Cold sores are a very common ailment, experienced…

Alzheimer’s Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Alzheimer’s Disease? Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain disorder that gradually destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out simple tasks. It is the most common cause of dementia, a general term for loss…

Anemia – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Anemia? Anemia is a medical condition characterized by a deficiency in the number or quality of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is an essential protein found in red blood cells that binds to oxygen…

Angina – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Angina? Angina is a chest pain or discomfort that occurs when your heart doesn’t get enough oxygen-rich blood. This can happen due to various reasons, but the most common cause is coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary artery disease…

Anorexia – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Anorexia? Anorexia nervosa, often simply referred to as anorexia, is a serious and potentially life-threatening eating disorder  characterized by self-starvation and an abnormal obsession with weight loss. People with anorexia restrict their food intake to the point where…

Appendicitis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Appendicitis? Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a small finger-like protrusion from your large intestine in the lower right abdomen. The exact reason for this inflammation is unknown, but it’s likely due to a blockage in the…

BPA Exposure Links To Asthma in Children

Asthma/COPD – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What are Asthma and COPD?  Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which makes breathing difficult. It is a common condition that affects people of all ages, from children to the elderly.  The…

Athlete’s Foot – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Athlete’s Foot? Athlete’s foot, also known as tinea pedis, is a common fungal infection that affects the skin on the feet. It is caused by a variety of fungi that thrive in warm, moist environments. Athlete’s foot is…

Atrial Fibrillation – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Atrial Fibrillation? Atrial fibrillation, often abbreviated as AFib or AF, is a type of irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) that starts in the upper chambers of your heart (atria). In a normal heart, electrical signals coordinate the beating of your…

Back Pain – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Back Pain? Back pain is incredibly common, affecting a vast majority of people at some point in their lives. Statistics suggest around 70-80% of adults in the US experience it. That translates to roughly 1 in 2 working…

Benign Prostate

What is Benign Prostate Hypertrophy? Benign prostate hypertrophy, otherwise known as prostate cancer, occurs when the prostate gland grows and compresses the urethra, causing the partial blockage of urine flow. What are the symptoms of Benign Prostate Hypertrophy? Common symptoms of…

Blemishes – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What are Blemishes? Blemishes are a general term for any kind of mark, spot, discoloration, or imperfection that appears on the skin. They can vary in size, shape, and color, and can appear anywhere on the body, and are often…

Breast Cancer – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Breast Cancer? Breasts are made up of fatty tissue, connective tissue, lobes (milk-producing glands), ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple), and lymph nodes (part of the immune system). Breast cancer starts when normal cells in the…

Do I Have Asthma?

Bronchitis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Bronchitis? Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the airways that carry air to and from the lungs. These tubes become inflamed and irritated, producing mucus (phlegm) that can clog the airways and make breathing difficult.  There…

Cholesterol – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Cholesterol? Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in all the cells in your body. It’s an essential part of healthy cells, but high levels of cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease and stroke. Your body…

Chronic Bronchitis

What is Chronic Bronchitis? The bronchi are airways connected to the windpipe (trachea) with sacs of the lung (alveoli) where oxygen is consumed by the blood. Bronchitis is when the bronchi become inflamed causing excessive mucous production and swelling of…

Cold Sores – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What are Cold Sores? Cold sores are small, fluid-filled blisters that typically appear on your lip or around your mouth. They are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), a very contagious virus.  Globally, an estimated two-thirds of…

Coronary Heart Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease (CHD), also known as coronary artery disease, is a condition where the heart’s blood supply is blocked or interrupted by a buildup of fatty substances in the coronary arteries. These fatty substances form a…

Crohn’s Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Crohn’s Disease? Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation of your digestive tract. Unlike ulcerative colitis, which only affects the inner lining of the large intestine (colon), Crohn’s disease can involve the entire…

Cystitis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Cystitis? Cystitis is a medical term that refers to inflammation of the bladder. It’s commonly caused by a bacterial infection, particularly by Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria which normally reside in the colon but can enter the urinary…

Depression – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Depression? Depression is a widespread mental health disorder affecting a staggering number of people globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 5% of adults, roughly 280 million people, suffer from depression globally. While depression can…

Diabetes – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how your body regulates blood sugar. Blood sugar, or glucose, is an important source of energy for your body. It comes from the food you eat and circulates in your…

Emphysema – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Emphysema? Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that causes shortness of breath. It is a progressive disease, which means it gets worse over time. Emphysema damages the air sacs in your lungs. These air…

Endometriosis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Endometriosis? Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb (uterus) grows outside the uterus. This tissue responds to hormonal changes in the menstrual cycle, just like the lining inside the uterus. It can…

Epilepsy – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Epilepsy? Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unpredictable seizures. These seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizures can vary widely in their presentation and severity, ranging from brief lapses of attention or…

Erectile Dysfunction – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Erectile Dysfunction? Erectile dysfunction (ED), also sometimes referred to as impotence, is a sexual function problem in men characterized by the persistent inability to achieve or maintain an erection firm enough for satisfactory sexual intercourse. Occasional difficulty getting…

Fibromyalgia – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain and tenderness throughout the body, along with fatigue, sleep problems, and emotional and mental distress. People with fibromyalgia may also be more sensitive to pain than people without…

Gastroesophageal Reflux – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease? Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a digestive disorder that arises when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus. This acid reflux can irritate the esophageal lining, leading to heartburn, that burning feeling in your…

Generalized Anxiety Disorder – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder? Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common mental health disorder that causes chronic worry and anxiety. People with GAD may worry excessively about everyday things, such as health, money, work, family, or school. This worry…

Glaucoma – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, the nerve that carries signals from your eye to your brain. This damage can lead to vision loss and blindness.  Glaucoma is quite prevalent worldwide.…

Hair Loss – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Hair Loss? Hair loss, also called alopecia, is a condition where people lose hair from their scalp or body. It can be a gradual thinning over time, or it can happen suddenly in patches. The severity of hair…

Heart Arrhythmias – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What are Heart Arrhythmias? A heart arrhythmia is an irregularity in the heartbeat. The heart normally beats in a regular rhythm, controlled by electrical signals that travel through the heart muscle. In people with arrhythmias, these electrical signals don’t work…

HIV/AIDS – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is HIV/AIDS? HIV/AIDS, which stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is one of the most significant public health challenges of our time. HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells, which play a…

Hypertension – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Hypertension? Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a chronic condition where the force of blood pushing against your blood vessel walls is consistently too high. Blood pressure is naturally higher when you’re active and lower when…

Hypertrophy

What is Benign Prostate Hypertrophy? Benign prostate hypertrophy, otherwise known as prostate cancer, occurs when the prostate gland grows and compresses the urethra, causing the partial blockage of urine flow. What are the symptoms of Benign Prostate Hypertrophy? Common symptoms of…

Hypothyroidism – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Hypothyroidism? Hypothyroidism, also referred to as an underactive thyroid, is a condition that develops when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of your front throat.…

Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease? Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term for a group of disorders that cause chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, also known as the digestive system. The two main forms of IBD are ulcerative…

Influenza – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Influenza? Influenza, also commonly known as the flu, is a respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. These viruses infect the respiratory tract, which includes the nose, throat, and lungs.  Influenza is most prevalent during the flu season, which…

Insomnia – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Insomnia? Insomnia, at its core, is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. It disrupts your ability to get the rest your body needs, and can even occur even when you have the…

Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine. It is a very common condition affecting the function of the large intestine. Estimates suggest IBS affects between 10% and 15% of…

Ischemic Heart Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Ischemic Heart Disease? Ischemic heart disease (IHD), also known as coronary heart disease (CHD), is a condition that arises when the blood supply to the heart muscle is limited. This limitation is usually caused by a buildup of…

Kidney Disease

What is a Kidney Stone? A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney out of the substances in the urine and stays in the kidney or moves down to the urinary tract. In some…

Menopause

What is Menopause? Doctors define menopause as the time after 12 months have passed since your last period. Your mother or grandmother may call menopause “the change”, it isn’t just a single event. Menopause is a series of changes that…

Migraine Headaches

What is a Migraine Headache? A migraine headache is described as an intense pain that pulses or throbs in one area of the head, often accompanied by an extreme sensitivity to light and sound, followed by nausea and vomiting.  Migraines are three…

Neuralgia

Every person in the entire world has experienced neuralgia at some point in their lives. The singeing sensation of a paper cut, a painful headache after a stressful day at work, and muscle cramps after a long-needed workout are all indicative of the very…

Osteoarthritis

What is Osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease and is also the most common type of arthritis. Osteoarthritis causes the breaking down of cartilage in the joints and may occur almost anywhere. What are the symptoms of Osteoarthritis? The most common symptom…

Osteoporosis

What is Osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease in which there is low bone mass, and loss of bone tissue, which can result to weak and fragile bones. It is a very common disease seen more so in elderly women, but…

Pneumonia – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia…

Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer? Prostate cancer is the cancer of the prostate gland. The prostate is the wall-nut shaped gland that produces seminal fluid, which carries sperm. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer for American men. What are the…

Psoriasis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is Psoriasis? Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes skin cells to reproduce at an abnormally fast rate. This rapid turnover of skin cells leads to a buildup of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin, which…

Quit Smoking

Smoking is an expensive habit that is harmful to one’s health. Smoking over a long period of time can result in various health problems, which is why many people use different methods to quit smoking. Nicorette – Reduces nicotine craving overtime…

Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic arthritis that generally occurs in the joints on both sides of the body. The symmetry of rheumatoid arthritis is what makes it different than other types of arthritis. In some cases, rheumatoid arthritis…

Sore Throat – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

What is a Sore Throat? Sore throat, also medically known as pharyngitis, is a scratchy, painful sensation in the back of your throat that often worsens when you swallow. It’s a very common discomfort and can be caused by a…

Stroke

What is a Stroke? A stroke happens if a blood vessel within the brain either bursts or becomes blocked. This causes the brain cells to become deprived of blood and oxygen and the brain begins to die. Brain damage can…

Weight Loss

Weight Loss – Obesity What is Obesity? Obesity is widely acknowledged as the leading preventable illness and cause of death. Recently the rising numbers of obesity in developed nations have resulted in the World Health Organization classifying obesity as an…