Zithromax (azithromycin) is an antibiotic Indicated to treat many different types of bacterial infections. It can treat Common infections include respiratory infections, skin infections, ear infections, and sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia. Azithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic. It works by stopping bacteria from making certain proteins inside their cells.
Uses and Dosage
Zithromax is usually taken by mouth as a tablet once daily with or without food. The dosage and duration of treatment will depend on your specific condition and medical history. You may take it with food if stomach upset occurs. Follow the dosing instructions provided by your healthcare provider and complete the entire course of treatment.
The recommended dosages of Zithromax (azithromycin) can vary depending on the type of infection being treated, the patient’s age and weight, and other factors. Some examples of recommended dosages include:
- For community-acquired pneumonia: 500 mg on the first day, followed by 250 mg once daily for the next 4 days.
- For skin and skin structure infections: 500 mg on the first day, followed by 250 mg once daily for the next 4 days.
- For acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis: 500 mg on the first day, followed by 250 mg once daily for the next 4 days.
- For pharyngitis/tonsillitis: 12 mg/kg once daily for 5 days (maximum dose: 500 mg/day).
Common Side Effects of Zithromax (Azithromycin):
- Abdominal pain
- Decreased sense of taste or smell
- Diarrhea or loose stools
- Hearing problems
- Ringing in the ears
- Skin rash or itching
- Sleep problems (insomnia)
- Stomach upset
- Vaginal itching or discharge
Serious Side Effects of Zithromax (Azithromycin):
- Otitis media (middle ear infection)
- Sinusitis caused by susceptible bacteria
Form and strength
Zithromax (Azithromycin) is available in the following forms and strength:
- 250 mg
- 250 mg
- 500 mg
- 600 mg
- 1000 mg
- Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can impair the immune system and prolong the time it takes for the body to recover from an infection. Avoid or limit alcohol consumption while taking Zithromax.
- Zithromax can cause allergic reactions in some people. Signs of an allergic reaction may include hives, difficulty breathing, and swelling of the face or throat. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.
- Possible risk of developing antibiotic-resistant bacteria with long-term use.
- Increased risk of QT interval prolongation, which can lead to an irregular heartbeat, particularly in patients with existing heart conditions.
- Increased risk of liver damage in some individuals, particularly those with pre-existing liver disease.
- Possible interaction with other medications, such as antacids, blood thinners, and certain antibiotics.
- Possible side effects such as diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, and headache.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Can Zithromax be given to children?
Yes, Zithromax is approved for use in children, and the dosage will depend on the child’s age and weight.
How long does Zithromax stay in your system?
The half-life of Zithromax (azithromycin) is around 68 hours, which means it stays in your system for approximately 5-7 days after the last dose.
Can Zithromax cause diarrhea?
Yes, diarrhea is a common side effect of Zithromax, and it can range from mild to severe. Stay hydrated and contact your healthcare provider if you experience severe or persistent diarrhea.
Can Zithromax be taken with food?
Yes, Zithromax can be taken with or without food. However, taking it with a full glass of water can help prevent stomach upset.
Is it safe to use Zithromax for a long period of time?
Long-term use of Zithromax can increase the risk of developing antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Use Zithromax only as prescribed and for the recommended duration of treatment.