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Xalatan is a prescription medication used for the treatment of high eye pressure or intraocular pressure (IOP) in people with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. It contains the active ingredient latanoprost, which is a prostaglandin F2 analogue that helps to reduce the pressure inside the eye by increasing the amount of fluid that drains from it.
Xalatan is typically administered as eye drops. This proteinoid selective FP receptor agonist acts by lowering intraocular pressure and boosting aqueous humor outflow. Its primary mechanism of action is the increase of uveoscleral outflow. This is available in Xalatan 50 mcg/mL.
Uses and Dosage
Xalatan eye drops are typically used to treat high pressure inside the eye in adults and children. Apply this medication in the affected eye once daily in the evening, or as directed by your doctor. Do not use this medication more frequently than prescribed; using more can decrease effectiveness.
To achieve the best results, use Xalatan Drops regularly according to the prescribed dosing schedule. Do not alter your Xalatan dosage or discontinue it abruptly, as this may worsen your condition. If you are also using other eye medications, make sure to space them out by at least 5 minutes to allow for proper absorption. If you wear contact lenses, remove them before administering Xalatan Drops. Wait at least 15 minutes after using the eye drops before putting your contact lenses back in. Additionally, when using both eye drops and eye ointments, apply the eye drops first.
Here are the general instructions for using Xalatan drops, but follow the specific instructions from your doctor or pharmacist:
- Wash your hands before handling the eye drops.
- Shake the bottle well before using it.
- Tilt your head back and look up.
- Pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket.
- Hold the bottle upside down and carefully squeeze one drop into the pocket formed between your lower eyelid and your eye. Do not let the dropper touch your eye or eyelid.
- After you put the drops in your eye, press your finger against the inner corner of your eye and hold it there for at least one minute, while gently closing your eyes. This helps to prevent the drops from draining through the tear duct and being absorbed by other parts of your body.
- If you are using drops in both eyes, repeat steps 3 through 6 with the other eye.
- Replace the cap on the bottle immediately after you use it.
Use Xalatan drops exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has prescribed. Do not use more or less of it, and do not use it more often than prescribed. If you are unsure about how to use the drops, or if you have any questions or concerns about your treatment, speak to your doctor or pharmacist.
Common Side Effects of Xalatan (Latanoprost):
- Changes in the eyelash and eyelid
- Dry eyes
- Eye itching
- Eye redness
- Feeling as if there’s something in the eye
- Increased sensitivity to light
- Lid crusting
- Temporary blurred vision
Serious Side Effects of Xalatan (Latanoprost):
- Chest pain
- Eye pain
- Eye swelling, redness, severe discomfort, crusting, or drainage
- Increased sensitivity to light
- Loss of vision
- Red, swollen, or itchy eyelids
- Severe burning, stinging, or irritation after using the medicine
- Unusual eye discharge
- Vision changes
Form and Strength
Xalatan (Latanoprost) is available in the following forms and strength:
Xalatan: Eye drops
- Xalatan may cause changes in the color of the iris, eyelid skin, and eyelashes over time. These changes may be permanent.
- Xalatan may cause darkening of the skin around the eye and on the eyelid. This effect may be reversible after discontinuation of the medication.
- Xalatan may cause eye irritation, discomfort, dryness, or redness, and may cause blurred vision.
- Xalatan may interact with certain other medications or medical conditions and may not be suitable for use in patients with certain eye conditions or allergies.
- Xalatan may not be suitable for use in pregnant or breastfeeding women, and the safety and effectiveness of the medication in children has not been established. Consult with a healthcare professional regarding the potential risks and benefits of using Xalatan, and to inform them of any other medications or conditions you may have.
- Xalatan should be used with caution in patients with a history of herpetic keratitis or in patients with risk factors for macular edema.
- In rare cases, Xalatan may cause an increase in the thickness, density, and number of eyelashes.
- Xalatan should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to latanoprost or any other ingredient in the medication.
- Xalatan should be used with caution in patients with or at risk for respiratory or cardiac disease, as it may cause respiratory and/or cardiac effects in these patients. Consult with a healthcare professional regarding the potential risks and benefits of using Xalatan, and to inform them of any other medications or conditions you may have.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
How often should Xalatan be used?
Xalatan is typically used once daily, usually in the evening.
Can Xalatan be used in children?
The safety and effectiveness of Xalatan in children have not been established.
How long does it take for Xalatan to work?
Xalatan may take several weeks to start working, and its full effects may take several months to occur.
How should Xalatan be stored?
Xalatan should be stored at room temperature and protected from light.
Can Xalatan be used with contact lenses?
Contact lenses should be removed before applying Xalatan. They can be reinserted 15 minutes after applying the eye drops.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Xalatan?
If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped, and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed.
It's important to purchase Xalatan from verified Canadian pharmacy.