Prolixin is an antipsychotic medication used to treat a variety of mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It contains the active ingredient fluphenazine, which belongs to a class of medications called phenothiazines. It works by blocking dopamine receptors in the brain, which helps regulate mood and behavior.
Fluphenazine is one of many drugs classified as a ‘typical’ or ‘first-generation’ antipsychotic. Prolixin works by blocking certain dopamine receptors in the brain, which helps to reduce symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking. Prolixin may be used alone or with other medication.
Uses and Dosage
Fluphenazine comes in the form of tablet to take by mouth three or four times a day. Take it with food or milk if stomach upset occurs unless directed otherwise by your doctor. Do not stop taking Fluphenazine suddenly without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may worsen if the medication is suddenly stopped. Use Fluphenazine regularly to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time each day.
The recommended dosage of Fluphenazine for adults depends on the condition being treated and may vary between 2.5 to 10 mg orally in divided doses every 6 to 8 hours for the initial dose, with a maintenance dose of 1 to 5 mg/day. The maximum daily dose may be up to 40 mg/day. However, note that dosage recommendations may vary based on individual medical history, so consult with a doctor or healthcare provider to determine the appropriate dosage for an individual.
Common Side Effects of Prolixin (Fluphenazine Hcl):
- Bizarre or strange dreams
- Bladder problems
- Blurry vision
- Fast heartbeat
- Skin problems (e.g., itching, redness, rash)
- Stuffy nose
Serious Side Effects of Prolixin (Fluphenazine Hcl):
- Blurred vision
- Changes in blood pressure
- Dry mouth
- Dystonia (uncontrollable muscle contractions): neck spasms, difficulty swallowing, breathing, or sticking your tongue out
- Fluid retention (holding onto fluid)
- Involuntary movements (especially of the face or mouth)
- Loss of appetite
- Weight changes
Form and strength
Prolixin (Fluphenazine Hcl) is available in the following forms and strength:
Fluphenazine Hcl: Tablet
- Patients taking fluphenazine may experience drowsiness, dizziness, or other impairments that may affect their ability to operate heavy machinery or perform other activities that require alertness.
- Fluphenazine may cause blurred vision or other vision problems, which may make activities like driving or operating machinery potentially hazardous.
- Fluphenazine should be used with caution in patients with a history of seizures, as it may lower the seizure threshold and increase the risk of seizures.
- Patients with a history of heart disease, low blood pressure, or other cardiovascular problems should be closely monitored while taking fluphenazine, as it may cause changes in heart rate or blood pressure.
- Do not suddenly stop taking fluphenazine unless directed by your provider. Suddenly stopping the medication after taking high doses for a long time can lead to unpleasant effects. Your provider might want you to lower your dose slowly over time.
- Fluphenazine may interact with other medications, including certain antidepressants and antihypertensive medications, which may increase the risk of adverse effects.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
What is Prolixin used for?
Prolixin is used to treat symptoms of certain types of mental/mood conditions, particularly psychotic disorders like schizophrenia.
How does Prolixin work?
Prolixin contains fluphenazine, which works by blocking the action of dopamine in the brain, reducing symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking.
How is Prolixin dosed?
Prolixin dosing depends on several factors, such as the severity of symptoms, the patient’s age and weight, and other medications they may be taking. It is always best to follow the dosing instructions provided by a healthcare provider.
Is Prolixin addictive?
Prolixin is not considered to be addictive, but it should only be used as directed by a healthcare provider.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Prolixin?
If you miss a dose of Prolixin, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.