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Monopril, generic name fosinopril, is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). It can be used as an add-on medication for people with heart failure.
Fosinopril works as an ACE inhibitor, which means it blocks the production of angiotensin II, a hormone that narrows blood vessels and raises blood pressure so that blood can flow more easily. By doing so, it helps to relax blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood flow to the heart. It may be used alone or in combination with other medications.
Uses and Dosage
Fosinopril is taken orally in the form of a tablet, typically once or twice a day. Take it around the same time every day to ensure you remember. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist to clarify anything you are uncertain about.
Do not take more or less of fosinopril than directed by your doctor or take it more frequently. Treatment often begins with a low dose, which may be raised gradually. While fosinopril manages high blood pressure and heart failure, it does not cure either condition. Take it consistently even if you feel well, and do not discontinue without speaking to your doctor.
The standard dosage for Monopril (Fosinopril) depends on the condition being treated.
- For adults with high blood pressure, the typical dose is between 20 to 40 mg taken orally once a day. For children who weigh over 50 kg, the standard dose is between 5 and 10 mg taken orally once daily.
- For heart failure, the standard dose is between 20 to 40 mg taken orally once daily. As always, follow your doctor's prescription carefully and do not adjust your dosage or frequency of use without consulting with a healthcare professional.
Common Side Effects of Monopril (Fosinopril):
- Mild skin itching or rash
- Muscle or joint pain
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Tired feeling
Serious Side Effects of Monopril (Fosinopril):
- Body aches
- Easy bruising or bleeding
- Feeling light-headed
- Flu symptoms
- Pale skin
- Peeling or red skin rash
- Severe blistering
- Unusual weakness
- Urinating less than usual
Form and Strength
Monopril (Fosinopril) is available in the following forms and strength:
- 10 mg
- 10 mg
- 20 mg
- Monopril can cause allergic reactions in some people, which can be serious; seek emergency medical attention if you experience symptoms such as swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, or difficulty breathing.
- Fosinopril should not be taken during pregnancy, particularly in the second and third trimesters, as it may cause harm to the fetus. Do not take Fosinopril during breastfeeding, as it is unknown whether Monopril passes into breast milk.
- Tell your doctor about all medications, supplements, and herbal remedies you are taking before starting Monopril, as some medications may interact with Monopril or affect how it works.
- Fosinopril can cause changes in blood pressure, have your blood pressure monitored regularly while taking Monopril.
- Monopril may not be suitable for people with certain medical conditions, such as kidney or liver disease. Discuss any medical conditions or concerns with your doctor before starting Monopril.
- Fosinopril can affect kidney function and may be contraindicated or require dosage adjustments for people with pre-existing kidney disease.
- Fosinopril may not be suitable for people with liver disease, as it can affect liver function.
- Monopril may cause an increase in serum potassium levels and may also cause an increase in serum creatinine levels in people with reduced renal function. Monitor salt and sodium intake while taking Monopril.
- Monopril may affect blood pressure during surgery and anesthesia, so inform your healthcare provider if you are taking Monopril prior to any medical procedures.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Can Monopril be taken with other medications?
Some medications may interact with Monopril, affecting how it works or causing unwanted side effects.
How long does Monopril take to work?
Monopril starts to kick in within 1 hour, but it can take 2 to 6 hours for the medication to be completely absorbed by the body. It takes about 1-2 weeks of taking fosinopril for it to fully kick in and lower your blood pressure.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Monopril?
If you miss a dose of Monopril, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to the time of your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
Can Monopril cause allergic reactions?
Yes, some people may be allergic to Monopril, and could experience symptoms such as swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, or difficulty breathing.
It's important to purchase Monopril from verified Canadian pharmacy.