Menopur (generically known as menotropins) is prescriptions medication indicated to help with fertility by stimulating the ovaries to produce more eggs during a woman’s menstrual cycle. It is a gonadotropin medication that contains two different hormones found naturally in the body: follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
Menopur may be prescribed as part of assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles or for individuals with oligospermia in men. By increasing the levels of FSH and LH, Menopur can stimulate the ovaries to produce more eggs during a woman’s menstrual cycle, leading to an improved chance of pregnancy.
Uses and Dosage
Menopur is typically administered through subcutaneous injection and is only available with a prescription from a physician who is thoroughly familiar with its use. Follow the instructions from your doctor or healthcare provider when taking Menopur, as well as how to properly store and use the medication according to their recommendations.
Use Menopur exactly as directed by your doctor to receive the maximum benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time each day. Menopur is administered by injecting it under the skin as instructed by your doctor. The dosage and duration of treatment will depend on your medical condition, response to therapy and other medications you may be taking. To determine the appropriate dosage, keep all medical appointments and closely follow your doctor’s instructions. Do not change the dosage or use this drug for longer than prescribed unless specifically instructed by your doctor.
Before handling the medication, wash your hands with soap and water. Before each injection, clean the injection site with rubbing alcohol. To avoid discomfort and problem areas under the skin, change the injection site location daily.
Common Side Effects of Menopur (Menotropins):
- Belly pain
- Feeling full
- Irritation where the shot is given
- Stomach cramps
- Upset stomach
Serious Side Effects of Menopur (Menotropins):
- A fast heartbeat
- Breast pain
- Change in color of skin to a bluish color like on the lips, nail beds, fingers, or toes
- Enlarged breasts
- Fast breathing
- Flu-like signs
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
- Pale skin
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like: rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat
- Yellow skin or eyes
Form and Strength
Menopur (Menotropins) is available in the following forms and strength:
- Menopur can increase the risk of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS), which is a condition where the ovaries become swollen and painful. This can lead to fluid buildup in the abdomen and chest, making breathing difficult or painful. Contact your doctor if you experience any symptoms of OHSS, which can include severe pelvic pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloating.
- Menopur and other gonadotropin medications used for fertility treatments can increase the risk of multiple pregnancy, such as twins or more. Multiple pregnancies can lead to complications during pregnancy, such as premature birth and low birth weight.
- There is a slightly increased risk of ectopic pregnancy with fertility treatments that use Menopur.
- Menopur can increase the risk of blood clots in some people, particularly those who are already at risk due to other medical conditions or lifestyle factors. Inform your doctor if you have a history of blood clots or other blood disorders.
- Menopur can interact with certain medical conditions, such as thyroid or adrenal gland problems, pituitary gland disorders, or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Make sure to inform your doctor if you have any existing medical conditions before starting treatment with Menopur.
- Women over the age of 35 may be at a higher risk of complications from fertility treatments using Menopur, and may require closer monitoring and lower doses of medication.
- Injection site reactions are a common side effect of Menopur and other gonadotropin medications. These can include pain, swelling, redness, and itching at the injection site.
- Menopur should be stored properly and used only as instructed by your doctor or healthcare provider. Improper storage or handling can affect the effectiveness and safety of the medication.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Can Menopur be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
Menopur should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding, as its effects on the unborn fetus or nursing infant are not well established.
Can Menopur be self-administered at home?
Yes, Menopur can be self-administered at home after proper instruction on how to give the injection.
Is there a generic version of Menopur?
No, there is currently no generic version of Menopur available on the market.
How long does it take for Menopur to work?
The length of treatment and time it takes for Menopur to work can vary for everyone. Typically, treatment lasts for several weeks and may involve monitoring of hormone levels and ultrasounds to determine the appropriate dosage and timing of injections.