Elmiron generically known as Pentosan Polysulfate is a prescription medication commonly used to treat Interstitial Cystitis, a chronic condition that causes bladder pain and frequent urination. It may work by forming a layer on the bladder wall and protecting it from harmful/irritating substances in the urine.
Pentosan Polysulfate is an oral medication that works by forming a protective coating over the bladder wall, reducing inflammation and irritation. It helps to treat causes of inflammation in the bladder, causing symptoms such as painful urination, frequent urination, pelvic pain, and bladder pressure or discomfort.
Elmiron is the only FDA-approved oral drug specifically designed to treat this condition and has been available since 1996. It is also a weak “blood thinner” and may increase the risk of bruising/bleeding (such as bleeding from the nose/gums).
Uses and Dosage
Elmiron comes in the form of a Capsule to take by mouth at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals as directed by your doctor, usually 3 times daily. It should be taken with water at least 1 hour before meals or 2 hours after meals. Take Elmiron regularly to get the most benefit from it and to help you remember and keep it at the same time each day.
The typical dose of Elmiron is 100 mg by mouth 3 times per day with water, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often or for longer than prescribed as your condition will not improve any faster and your risk of side effects will increase.
Common Side Effects of Pentosan Polysulfate:
- Abdominal pain or discomfort
- Hair loss
- Skin itching
Serious Side Effects of Pentosan Polysulfate:
- Unusual bruising
- Pain or discomfort when swallowing
- Blurred vision or vision changes
- Eye pain
- Shortness of breath
- Mood or mental changes
Form and strength
Elmiron (Pentosan Polysulfate) is available in the following forms and strength:
- 100 mg
Pentosan Polysulfate: Capsule
- 100 mg
- People who are allergic to pentosan polysulfate sodium, heparin, or other related medications should not take Elmiron.
- Elmiron has not been studied in pregnant women, so it is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Elmiron has not been studied in nursing mothers and should be used with caution in this population.
- Elmiron has been associated with vision changes and pigmentary maculopathy, so it is important to monitor for any visual changes while taking this medication.
- Elmiron may cause liver problems, so it is important to monitor liver function tests while taking this medication.
- Elmiron may interact with other medications, so it is important to inform your doctor or pharmacist of all the medications that you are taking.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
How long does it take Elmiron (Pentosan) to work?
It can take 3 to 6 months before Elmiron (pentosan) starts to relieve your bladder symptoms. You continue to take Elmiron (pentosan) every day as prescribed, even if you do not see results immediately.
How do I take Elmiron?
Elmiron is usually taken orally, usually in capsule form. The usual dose is 100-600mg taken three times a day. It is important to take Elmiron exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Does Elmiron interact with other medications?
Elmiron may interact with certain medications, such as anticoagulants and antibiotics, so it is important to discuss all other medications you are taking with your doctor before taking Elmiron.
Should I avoid taking Elmiron with other medications?
You should talk to your doctor before taking Elmiron with other medications, as some medications may interact with Elmiron.
How often should I take Elmiron?
The recommended dosage for Elmiron is 1-2 capsules taken three times a day. It should be taken with food to increase absorption.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Elmiron?
If you miss a dose of Elmiron, take it as soon as you remember. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.