Xyzal Oral Solution is an oral prescription medication used for the symptomatic treatment of allergic rhinitis, including persistent allergic rhinitis, and urticaria in adults and children.
Xyzal is an antihistamine, specifically levocetirizine dihydrochloride, and works by blocking the histamine that is released in response to an allergen. It is available as a clear, colorless liquid containing 0.5 mg of levocetirizine dihydrochloride per mL and is taken orally, typically in the evening.
Use and Dosage
Xyzal Oral Solution is taken by mouth with or without food, usually once daily in the evening. To use Xyzal Oral Solution, follow the instructions provided by your doctor or pharmacist. Shake the bottle well before using it and measure the dose using a special measuring spoon or cup. Measure the dose carefully using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
The recommended initial dose of Xyzal Oral Solution for adults and children 12 years of age and older is 5 mg (1 teaspoon or 2.5 mL) once daily in the evening, and for children 6 to 11 years of age, the recommended dose is 2.5 mg (1/2 teaspoon or 1.25 mL) once daily in the evening. For children 2 to 5 years of age, the recommended dose is 1.25 mg (1/4 teaspoon or 0.625 mL) once daily in the evening. Do not take more than the recommended dose or use it more frequently than prescribed. The duration of treatment will depend on the condition being treated and your individual response to the medication.
If you miss a dose of Xyzal Oral Solution, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
Common Side Effects of Xyzal Oral Solution (Levocetirizine):
- Dry mouth
- Sinus pain
- Sore throat
- Stuffy nose
- Tired feeling
- Weight gain
Serious Side Effects of Xyzal Oral Solution (Levocetirizine):
- Dark-colored urine
- Foul-smelling stools
- Hearing problems
- Loss of appetite
- Nosebleeds (especially in a child)
- Numbness or tingling around your lips or mouth
- Pain or fullness in your ear
- Painful or difficult urination
- Stomach pain
- Yellowing of your skin or eyes (jaundice)
Forms and Strength
Xyzal Oral Solution (Levocetirizine) is available in the following forms and strength:
Xyzal Oral Solution: Solution
- Levocetirizine may cause drowsiness or dizziness. Patients should not drive, operate machinery, or perform other activities that require mental alert until they know how the medication affects them.
- Levocetirizine may cause side effects such as headache, dry mouth, and fatigue.
- Patients with kidney problems should use caution when taking the medication.
- Patients who are allergic to levocetirizine or any other antihistamine should not take the solution.
- Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding should consult their healthcare provider before taking the solution.
- Xyzal Oral Solution should be used with caution in elderly patients.
- Patients with liver problems may need a lower dose of Xyzal Oral Solution.
- Patients should not exceed the recommended dosage without consulting their healthcare provider.
- Xyzal Oral Solution may interact with other medications, including those used to treat seizures, depression, and anxiety. Patients should inform their healthcare providers of all medications they are taking.
- Patients with a history of epilepsy or seizures should use caution when taking Xyzal Oral Solution.
- Patients with a history of urinary retention or lower urinary tract symptoms should use caution when taking Xyzal Oral Solution.
- Xyzal Oral Solution may increase the risk of infection in patients with a weakened immune system.
- Patients with a history of heart disease or high blood pressure should consult their healthcare provider before taking Xyzal Oral Solution.
- Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) should be aware that the medication contains phenylalanine as an excipient.
- Xyzal Oral Solution may not be suitable for patients with severe liver or kidney problems.
- Patients with a history of alcohol or drug abuse should use caution when taking Xyzal Oral Solution.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Is Xyzal Oral Solution available over the counter?
Yes, Xyzal Allergy 24HR oral tablets (levocetirizine, 5mg) are available over the counter.
Can I take Xyzal Oral Solution if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?
You should talk to your healthcare provider before taking Xyzal Oral Solution if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
How long does it take for Xyzal Oral Solution to start working?
Xyzal Oral Solution usually starts working within one hour after taking it.