Trileptal oral suspension is a medication used to treat certain types of seizures in epilepsy. It contains the active ingredient oxcarbazepine, which works by controlling electrical activity in the brain.
Trileptal oral suspension is usually taken twice a day, with or without food, and the dose is determined by a doctor based on the patient’s age, weight, and condition.
Use and Dosage
To ensure accurate dosing, use the oral measuring syringe provided and do not use a household spoon. Trileptal oral suspension may be taken directly from the syringe or mixed in a small glass of water. Take the medication as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily, with or without food.
Your dose is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. For children, the dosage is based on their weight. Your doctor may start you on a low dose and gradually increase it to reduce the risk of side effects. Inform your doctor and pharmacist of all products you use, including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products.
To get the most benefit from Trileptal oral suspension, use it regularly at the same times each day. Do not stop taking the medication without consulting your doctor as some conditions, such as seizures, may worsen if the drug is suddenly stopped. Your doctor may need to gradually decrease your dose.
Common Side Effects of Trileptal Oral Suspension (Oxcarbazepine):
- Poor balance or coordination
- Runny nose, sore throat, and other symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection
Serious Side Effects of Trileptal Oral Suspension (Oxcarbazepine):
- Changes in mood or behavior, such as: agitation, aggression, irritability, anxiety, depression, or suicidal thoughts or behavior
- Dark urine
- Difficulty breathing
- Dizziness or fainting
- Fast or slow heart rate
- Feeling short of breath or cough with mucus or blood
- Headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
- Pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest
- Purple or red pinpoint spots under the skin
- Seizure (convulsions)
- Shallow breathing
- Signs of aseptic meningitis (fever, severe headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, nausea, vomiting)
- Sore throat
- Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat
- Unusual bleeding or bruising
Forms and Strength
Trileptal Oral Suspension (Oxcarbazepine) is available in the following forms and strength:
Trileptal Oral Suspension: Solution
- 60 mg/ml
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior: Trileptal may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or behavior in some patients, especially those with a history of depression or psychiatric disorders.
- Allergic reactions: Some patients may experience an allergic reaction to Trileptal, which can be life-threatening in some cases.
- Decreased sodium levels in the blood: Trileptal may cause low sodium levels in the blood (hyponatremia), which can lead to seizures, confusion, and other symptoms.
- Drowsiness and dizziness: Trileptal may cause drowsiness or dizziness, which can impair a patient’s ability to perform tasks that require alertness and coordination.
- Liver problems: Trileptal may cause liver problems, including elevated liver enzymes or even liver failure in some cases.
- Interactions with other medications: Trileptal may interact with other medications, including some antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and blood thinners, which can cause adverse effects.
- Birth defects: Trileptal may increase the risk of birth defects if taken during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester.
- Bone density loss: Trileptal may cause bone density loss and increase the risk of osteoporosis, especially in women and the elderly.
- Driving or operating machinery: Trileptal may impair a patient’s ability to drive or operate machinery, which can increase the risk of accidents.
- Alcohol consumption: Trileptal may interact with alcohol and increase the risk of drowsiness, dizziness, and other side effects.
- Psychiatric or behavioral changes: Trileptal may cause psychiatric or behavioral changes, including mood swings, aggression, and paranoia, especially in children and adolescents.
- Kidney problems: Trileptal may cause kidney problems, including reduced kidney function or kidney stones.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
How long does it take for Trileptal oral suspension to start working?
Trileptal oral suspension may take several weeks to reach its full effect, and dosage adjustments may be necessary during that time.
Can Trileptal oral suspension be discontinued suddenly?
Trileptal oral suspension should not be discontinued suddenly, as it may result in seizures or other side effects. Your doctor will provide instructions on how to safely stop taking Trileptal oral suspension.
Can Trileptal oral suspension be taken with alcohol?
Trileptal oral suspension should not be taken with alcohol, as it may increase the risk of side effects such as dizziness and drowsiness.
Can Trileptal oral suspension be taken during pregnancy?
Trileptal oral suspension may be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefits outweigh the potential risks. Speak with your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
Can Trileptal oral suspension be taken while breastfeeding?
Trileptal oral suspension may pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing infant. Speak with your doctor before taking Trileptal oral suspension while breastfeeding.